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Make sure you can answer the following questions:

- Describe the levels of protein structure.
- Explain in general the idea of the “Branch and Bound” method.
- Explain the meaning of the words when used for genes: analog, homolog, paralog, ortholog and xenolog.
- What is a protein ligand?

A simple, although not always reliable, way to discover the secondary structure of a peptide sequence is to look up a protein with similar primary sequence in a database. Let us try this! The task is to obtain the secondary structure of the following peptide sequence: `HYLCKYVINAIPPTLTAKIHFRPELPAERNQLIQRLA`

- Go to https://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Blast.cgi and click “Protein blast”.
- Enter the sequence and enter “Homo sapiens (taxid:9606)” as organism.
- Click the blast button and wait. This may take up to several minutes.
- Look for the best matching protein. It should be: “monoamine oxidase A”
- Enter this protein name to UniProt.
- Check whether the result has a secondary sequence annotation and find the position respective to the BLAST match.

Use the above-described procedure to learn most about the following peptide sequence: `TEYAINKLRQLYVLRC`

.

A hint: the sequence is a part of a frequent protein domain.

Recall the branch-and-bound threading algorithm from the lecture.

Suppose we have three segments (i, j, k), each of which includes three amino acids. For a given sequence there are three possible starting positions for each segment. (i ∈ {2,3,4}, j ∈ {8,9,10}, k ∈ {13,14,15}) We will be using the simple lower bound:

Suppose that you are given the following values for the scores of the individual segments and the scores for segment interactions:

i | j | k |
---|---|---|

g1(i,2) = 5 | g1(j,8) = 9 | g1(k,13) = 3 |

g1(i,3) = 2 | g1(j,9) = 7 | g1(k,14) = 4 |

g1(i,4) = 8 | g1(j,10) = 6 | g1(k,15) = 1 |

i/j | j/k | i/k |
---|---|---|

g2(i,j,2,8) = 1 | g2(j,k,8,13) = 7 | g2(i,k,2,13) = 1 |

g2(i,j,2,9) = 2 | g2(j,k,8,14) = 8 | g2(i,k,2,14) = 2 |

g2(i,j,2,10) = 2 | g2(j,k,8,15) = 7 | g2(i,k,2,15) = 5 |

g2(i,j,3,8) = 5 | g2(j,k,9,13) = 1 | g2(i,k,3,13) = 5 |

g2(i,j,3,9) = 6 | g2(j,k,9,14) = 6 | g2(i,k,3,14) = 6 |

g2(i,j,3,10) = 4 | g2(j,k,9,15) = 8 | g2(i,k,3,15) = 4 |

g2(i,j,4,8) = 7 | g2(j,k,10,13) = 11 | g2(i,k,4,13) = 1 |

g2(i,j,4,9) = 3 | g2(j,k,10,14) = 12 | g2(i,k,4,14) = 2 |

g2(i,j,4,10) = 4 | g2(j,k,10,15) = 13 | g2(i,k,4,15) = 4 |

Using this information, **compute the optimal threading**.

The purpose of this tutorial is to put our hands on a software for comparative protein structure modelling, namely the MODELLER. We will go through a basic tutorial for this software. At the end this tutorial, you should have a better understanding of what such software is capable of.

Download the MODELLER version for your operating system from: https://salilab.org/modeller/download_installation.html (Note: It is also available from official repositories of some GNU/Linux distributions.)

You need to register yourself in order to obtain a license here: https://salilab.org/modeller/registration.html You should provide your university e-mail in the registration form.

We will follow this tutorial from the MODELLER webpages: https://salilab.org/modeller/tutorial/basic.html.

For those who are interested to learn more about MODELLER, there are also advanced tutorials: https://salilab.org/modeller/tutorial/

If you are interested, you may also have a look at the I-TASSER software.

A tutorial on homology modelling from the university of Frankfurt.

Branch and bound threading example taken from https://www.biostat.wisc.edu/bmi776/spring-17/lectures/threading.pdf threading.pdf

courses/bin/tutorials/tutorial11.txt · Last modified: 2022/06/03 14:34 by klema