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1. Seminar - Hardware description language - Introduction to Verilog

Icarus Verilog will be used for digital logic designs.
The website is: http://iverilog.icarus.com/page (download, dokumentation, FAQ,..).

On Debian/Ubuntu GNU/Linux system you install required software from commadline by

sudo apt install iverilog gtkwave

GTKWave (http://gtkwave.sourceforge.net/) utility is used to visualize simulated signals timing diagrams.

QtMips (https://github.com/cvut/QtMips/) will be used as a CPU model for work on seminaries. Refresh your knowledge of basic CPU architectures. See B35APO Computer Architectures course.

Alternatives:

The course goals:

  • Understand modern CPU and GPU architectures to use them in full power
  • Ability to join development of new CPU design or use it in custom solutions (i.e. RISC-V)
  • Gaining experience by implementation of simple single cycle and then pipelined CPU (MIPS compatible QtMips)
  • Basic how to utilize processing parallelism on all computational systems levels

Short introduction to Verilog: English PDF: verilog-en.pdf ODP: verilog-en.odp


Git repository with verilog templates: https://gitlab.fel.cvut.cz/b4m35pap/stud-support

Exercise 1.

Consider the combinatorial circuit shown in figure below. Describe it in Verilog.


Solution. We will create a new file my_circuit.v with the following content:

module my_circuit(input a, b, c,
                 output d, e);
 
  assign d = ~(a | b) | (b & c);
  assign e = (b & c) ^ c;
    
endmodule

Exercise 2.

Create the TestBench for the simulation of the combinatorial circuit from Exercise 1; and perform the simulation.

Solution. We will create a new file, e.g. my_circuit_tb.v, which defines inputs to the circuit (stimulus list). Then we are able to simulate the circuit and observe its outputs.

module test();
  reg a, b, c;
  wire x, y;
  
  my_circuit my_circuit_XY(a, b, c, x, y);
  
  initial begin
    $dumpfile("test.vcd");
    $dumpvars;
    a=0;
    b=0;
    c=0;
    #160 $finish;
  end
  
  always #20 a = ~a;
  always #40 b = ~b;
  always #80 c = ~c;
  
  always @(x) $display( "The value of x was changed. Time=%d, x=%b. Inputs: a=%b, b=%b, c=%b.",$time, x,a,b,c);
  
endmodule

In the command line we will compile both the files, run the simulation, and visualize the results by following commands:

iverilog my_circuit.v my_circuit_tb.v
./a.out
gtkwave test.vcd

Alternatively, we can use vvp instead of gtkwave:

iverilog -otest.vvp my_circuit.v my_circuit_tb.v
vvp test.vvp

Exercise 3.

Sketch (by the hand) a schematic of the circuit according the following description:

  if A is equal to 1,
  then Y is equal to (B and C)
  else Y is equal to (B xor D) or C
The variables A, B, C and D are logical variables.

Exercise 4.

Describe the logic circuit from Exercise 3 in Verilog and perform the simulation. What is the value of Y in the case when A==0, B==1, C==0, D==0? Support your statement by the simulation results.

Exercise 5.

Describe in Verilog following circuit. Keep in mind that it is composed from three identical circuits according the Exercise 1. Use structural description. What is the output when A==0, B==1 and C==1?


courses/b4m35pap/tutorials/01/start.txt · Last modified: 2020/09/25 15:10 by pisa