01 Intro and Solvability

We log on, discuss the rules, answer first questions, create first simple Python program.

Read about computer labs how to set-up initial password, access home directory, links to other university services, …

Reading about Python and programming essentials from the Programming Essentials course. Tutorials help with setting Python, discuss how to upload homework correctly, and add some class examples and some most frequent Python modules.

After solving the logging issues we will go into Objective Python. We will program the NPuzzle class that would represent the classical n-1 puzzle. Necessary basis will be explained at the first lecture. Python is well on-line documented/discussed, in case of problems, google is your friend.

NPuzzle class

Besides the constructor __init__ we will need a few basic method, namely reset, visualise, read_tile. You can create some auxiliary methods/function as it suits to you

class NPuzzle:
    '''
    sliding puzzle class of a general size
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15_puzzle
    '''
    def __init__(self,size):
        '''
        create the list of symbols, typically from 1 to 8 or 15. Empty tile
        is represented by None
        :param size: the board will be size x size,
                     size=3 - 8-puzzle; 4 - 15 puzzle
        '''
 
    def reset(self):
        '''
        initialize the board by a random shuffle of symbols
        :return: None
        '''
 
    def visualise(self):
        '''
        just print itself to the standard output
        :return: None
        '''
 
    def read_tile(self, row, col):
        '''
        returns a symbol on row, col position
        :param row: index of the row
        :param column: index of the column
        :return: value of the tile - int 1 to size^2-1, None for empty tile
        The function raises IndexError exception if outside the board
        '''

Programming task - solvability n-1 puzzle

Is the given configuration/state solvable at all? You can use also the code from npuzzle.py and compare it to your solution of npuzzle.py.

The task is to implement a method is_solvable(env), which decides whether a given env (NPuzzle instance) is solvable or not. Implement the function in a module named solvability_check.py and upload it to BRUTE. A correct solution is worth 2 points.

Example structure of (solvability_check.py):

import npuzzle
 
def is_solvable(env):
    '''
    True or False?
    '''
    # your code comes here
 
if __name__=="__main__": # testing suite
    env = npuzzle.NPuzzle(3) # instance of NPuzzle class
    env.reset()              # random shuffle
    env.visualise()          # just to show the board
    # just check
    print(is_solvable(env))  # should output True or False

Basic communication with the NPuzzle object is through the function env.read_tile(row, col), which returns the value of the tile; None for empty or an exception is generated (IndexError) in case the index is out of range. An example is provided in npuzzle.py

When done, upload to the BRUTE

Quiz

Completeness and optimality

We will discuss how to best search when we don't know how far is the goal. What does it mean that a search algorithm is complete, optimal.

Quiz

Assignment: searching in a maze

The full description of the assignment is here Search (1st assignment). In a maze environment, you will program the algorithm to find the shortest path. Do not forget that the cost of transition between different positions does not have to be the same.

courses/be5b33kui/labs/weekly/week_01.txt · Last modified: 2019/02/15 17:27 by hoffmmat